Med-Ona

info@medona.si

+386(0)15680781 (Mon – Fri: 10:00-14:00)

Gynecology

In case of gynecological problems, we are available every working day.

Gynecological examinations

The gynecological examination is carried out after a careful discussion with the patient. It takes place on a special gynaecological chair, which allows the doctor to examine the external genitalia and, with a special instrument (speculum), the vagina and cervix.

We perform gynecological examinations with cervical smear (PAP or Papanicolaou) and ultrasound examination.

A cervical smear is the basic test for cervical cancer. A special wooden paddle and brush are used to swipe the surface and canal of the cervix. The cells are then applied to a slide and sent to the laboratory.

 

The test is named after the Greek doctor George Papanicolaou.

Ultrasound examination is a painless and non-invasive diagnostic method. It enables the visualization of different tissues in the body using a special probe and ultrasound waves of different frequencies.

In gynecology, it is used to image the reproductive tract, where normal physiological conditions and the early development of pathological changes can be assessed.

Colposcopy examination

It is an examination where the doctor examines the cervix with a special microscope-colposcope.

We perform a colposcopic examination of the cervix with biopsy.

It is a diagnostic procedure in which a small piece of tissue is taken from a suspicious spot on the cervix and sent to a laboratory for histological examination.

Breast examinations

Regular breast examinations, mammography and breast ultrasound (ultrasound) detect breast cancer in more than half of women at a stage when treatment can be very successful. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women, both in Europe, worldwide and in Slovenia. More than 1200 women are diagnosed with breast cancer every year and the incidence is still rising.

We perform examinations and ultrasound of the breasts.

Ultrasound examination is a painless and non-invasive diagnostic method. It enables the visualization of different tissues in the body using a special probe and ultrasound waves of different frequencies.

It is especially suitable for women of childbearing age, the most ideal time for a preventive examination is on the 7th-10th day after menstruation.

For palpable changes that persist after menstruation or are

a new finding in menopausal period, examination is recommended as soon as possible.

This test can detect changes in tissue as small as 3mm and upwards. Ultrasound can be used to assess the suspiciousness of the lesions. It helps in mammography and breast MRI as an additional diagnostic imaging modality. It is also used for cytological and histological invasive examination (fine or thick needle puncture).

We perform minor surgical procedures under local anesthesia.

Menopause

A woman goes into menopause when she loses her menstrual periods due to the end of ovarian activity. It is determined retrogradely after 12 months from the last menstrual period.

However, this is not the only time when everything changes. It is actually the period we call the menopause transition. It starts long before the last menstrual period and continues into the menopause, which lasts into late old age. 

It consists of a variety of physiological changes:

from a gradual decline in ovarian function (irregular menstrual cycles, heavy and extra-cyclical bleeding), 

– anxiety, insomnia and cognitive decline (problems with memory, concentration),

– changes in the skin and other tissues (atrophy, lichen, genital dryness, bone and muscle pain), 

– problems with bowel movements, frequent urinary tract infections, sexual difficulties

– vasomotor disturbances (flushing) and palpitations. 

There is evidence that quality of life can be impaired and that serious health problems or illnesses can occur.

We offer advice, screening and therapy or a choice of appropriate nutritional supplements.

Infertility

Infertility is when a couple fails to conceive spontaneously after one year of regular, unprotected sex.

One in six couples has some difficulty getting pregnant. A woman’s fertility declines after the age of 35, so it is recommended to start targeted screening at this age after 6 months of regular and unprotected sex.

The causes may be different, sometimes as a combination of problems in both partners.

In the case of a woman, the cause of infertility may be due to an abnormal function of the ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes or endocrine system.

In the male, infertility is most often caused by impaired ejaculation, too few or no sperm in the ejaculate, or abnormal sperm morphology and motility.

 

Infertility is divided into primary and secondary:

  • Primary infertility is defined as infertility that has never led to pregnancy.
  • Secondary infertility is when pregnancy has been confirmed in the past. 

We carry out an initial diagnosis of infertility in a woman, which includes a consultation/anamnesis, an ultrasound with a gynaecological examination, a fallopian tube patency test and a hormone screening.

For men, we also offer a consultation/anamnesis, STD testing and interpretation of spermogram results.

If possible, we also provide initial treatment for infertility.

This procedure assesses the uterus and the patency of the fallopian tubes. It is a patient-friendly procedure that does not use iodine, X-rays or laparoscopy. The contrast is passed into the uterine cavity through a catheter inserted into the cervix and then through the fallopian tubes into the abdominal cavity, enveloping both ovaries if the fallopian tubes are patent. If the fallopian tubes are not patent, the site of the fallopian tube blockage is seen by ultrasound. The examination is carried out in the first half of the menstrual cycle. It is important to have a semen analysis (spermiogram) with your partner beforehand.

(01) 568 07 81

Counseling telephone

Telephone consultation is also possible,

by prior arrangement.

The telephone consultation lasts up to 15 minutes and costs 30€.